United Kingdom

Alban Europe

United Kingdom Background Information Successive governments have ensured that as long as patients require complementary/alternative treatment, access to it will be guaranteed. As a result, the United Kingdom is the only country in the European Union with public-sector hospitals for complementary/alternative medicine. Indeed, there are National Health Service homeopathic hospitals in London, Glasgow, Liverpool, Bristol, and Tunbridge Wells. At Saint …

Ukraine

Alban Europe

Ukraine Statistics There are no hospitals in Ukraine in which only complementary/alternative therapies are used. Regulatory Situation Though allopathic physicians may use allopathic or complementary/alternative therapies, only allopathic physicians and registered non-allopathic practitioners working under physicians are allowed to provide medical treatments. The Ministry of Health authorizes licences for physicians. It requires an authenticated copy of documents attesting to the …

Sweden

Alban Europe

Sweden Statistics In a 1989 survey, 20% of adults reported having received complementary/alternative medical treatment. 40% of patients of complementary/alternative medicine stated they had chosen these treatments because they were not satisfied with the National Health Service. 70% stated that through their complementary/alternative treatment their health had improved or they had been cured of their illness; 1% stated their health had deteriorated. …

Spain

Alban Europe

Spain Background Information Homeopathy was introduced into Spain in the beginning of the 19th century. The first Spanish homeopathic hospital, the Fundacion Instituto Homeopatico y Hospital de San Jose in Madrid, was founded in 1878. The Academia Medico Homeopatica de Barcelona was founded in 1890. There is an outpatient homeopathic clinic at the Hospital del Nen Deu of Barcelona. The …

Russia

Alban Asia, Europe

Russian Federation Statistics There are one or two chiropractors practicing in the Russian Federation. Regulatory situation The Russian Federation provides a striking example of a change in policy towards complementary/alternative medicine that may be followed in other former socialist countries. Section 34 of the Fundamental Principles of the Health Legislation of the Union of the Soviet Socialist Republics and of …

Norway

Alban Europe

Norway Background Information Although some authorized allopathic doctors and other health personnel in Norway have integrated acupuncture and/or homeopathy into their practice, most usually do not use complementary/alternative therapies. Some persons with authorization to practice as health personnel, such as nurses, have complementary/alternative medicine practices. Statistics A 1994 poll reported that 23% of men and 30% of women had used …

Netherlands

Alban Europe

Netherlands Background Information The Dutch Association of Homeopathic Doctors was established in 1898. Statistics According to a 1985 study, 18% of the population has used complementary/alternative medicine at least once – 6% to 7% during the previous 12 months. In 1990, over 900 000 people consulted a complementary/alternative practitioner other than their own allopathic general practitioner. More women than men …

Malta

Alban Europe

Malta Background Information Traditional Chinese medicine, chiropractic, and osteopathy are widely practiced. Statistics There are no established professional organizations or self-regulating bodies for complementary/alternative practitioners in Malta. Regulatory Situation The medical professions are regulated by Part II of the Medical and Kindred Professions Ordinance (Chapter 31 of the Laws of Malta) and Part IV of the Department of Health Ordinance …

Luxembourg

Alban Europe

Luxembourg Regulatory Situation In order to practice medicine as a physician, a candidate must hold a university certificate, obtain authorization from the Minister of Health, and have the consent of the Medical College. Treatment, diagnosis, and prevention of disease are restricted to members of the allopathic medical corpus. Article 7 of the Law of 29 April 1983 stipulates that persons …

Liechtenstein

Alban Europe

Liechtenstein Statistics There are chiropractors practicing in Liechtenstein. Regulatory Situation According to Order I and Article 49 of the Health Law, to practice medicine in Liechtenstein, a candidate must be a citizen of Liechtenstein; live in Liechtenstein; be a graduate of a Swiss, German, or Austrian school of medicine; have the necessary capacity, reputation, and hygienic knowledge; respect the duties …