Sudan

Alban Africa

Sudan Background Information Traditional medicine in Sudan has roots in Islamic and West African medicine. People in many areas of the country depend on herbal medicines, which are an integral part of the health care system. There is wide experience with the use of herbs in medical treatment. Many families specialize in herbal medicines and this knowledge is passed on …

Egypt

Alban Africa

Egypt Statistics The practice of traditional medicine in Egypt is limited to a very few traditional medical providers. There is one chiropractor practicing in Egypt. Regulatory Situation The National Drug Policy was promulgated at the beginning of 1999 as an essential part of the National Health Policy. Within the framework of the National Drug Policy, reforms have been carried out …

Djibouti

Alban Africa

Djibouti Background Information Traditional medicine practitioners include cheiks, medical providers who use the Koran or other Islamic scriptures to treat patients, and herbalists. Some practitioners combine both methods. Regulatory Situation With the exception of traditional birth attendants, the Government tolerates, but does not officially recognize, traditional medicine. Lacking legal status in Djibouti, no clear regulations control its practice. A 1999 …

Algeria

Alban Africa

Algeria Regulatory Situation The Algerian Public Health Code of 23 October 1976 rendered the practice of medicine without a licence an offence. Apart from Section 364 on the practice of herbalists, no exceptions were made for the practice of traditional medicine. Section 47 explicitly prohibited medical auxiliaries from using “secret or occult procedures”. This monopoly on the practice of medicine …

Zimbabwe

Alban Africa

Zimbabwe Background Information During the colonial period, although huge amounts of funds were allocated to the allopathic medical sector, no budgetary provisions were made for the traditional medical sector. Zimbabwe’s independence in 1980 marked a turning point in the long antagonistic relationship between allopathic and traditional medicine. The Zimbabwe National Traditional Healers Association (ZINATHA) was formed the same year, having …

Zambia

Alban Africa

Zambia Background Information During the colonial period, traditional medicine was denigrated. After independence in 1964, the Zambian Government did not enact legislation to regulate traditional medicine, nor was a clear policy on the practice of traditional medicine postulated. Nevertheless, traditional medicine continued to be practiced and was tolerated by the authorities. Currently, herbal medicine, naturopathy, traditional Chinese medicine, reflexology, spiritualism, …

United Republic of Tanzania

Alban Africa

United Republic of Tanzania Background Information Traditional medicine has been practiced separately from allopathic medicine since the colonial period. The practice of traditional medicine is threatened by a lack of written documentation on traditional medical practices, which has made its promotion difficult, and by a decline in biodiversity, including traditional medicinal resources, in certain localities. There has also been a …

Uganda

Alban Africa

Uganda Background Information Practitioners of traditional medicine vastly outnumber allopathic doctors in Uganda. The National Traditional Healers and Herbalists Association has recently put forth a proposal to establish a hospital in Mengo, Kampala, where traditional health care will be offered. This proposed 20-bed hospital would operate with facilities worth US$ 8.9 million. Traditional and Modern Health Practitioners Together against AIDS …

Togo

Alban Africa

Togo Regulatory Situation Togo’s law on health practitioners holds exemptions in favor of providers of traditional medicine. In the first paragraph of Section 68 of the Criminal Code of 1980, the definition of the illegal practice of medicine very closely reflects Article L 372 of the French Code of Public Health. However, the second paragraph of Section 68, states the …

Swaziland

Alban Africa

Swaziland Regulatory Situation In Swaziland, the Control of Natural Therapeutic Practitioners Regulations of 1978 limits the definition of “natural therapeutic practitioner” to persons practicing chiropractic, homeopathy, naturopathy, or electropathy. The prohibitions on professional practice are similar to those in force in Lesotho. Some traditional medicine practitioners are involved with Swaziland’s primary health care program. Education and Training Swaziland has no …